What Is a Social Contract and How Is It Reflected in the Edsa Revolution

April 14, 2022

As the Aquino government`s second State of the Union address draws closer, the government and media are reminding the Filipino people of the so-called social contract struck between President Benigno Aquino III in his inaugural address on June 30 – where he even presided over an oath ceremony – and the people. There has been a lot of hype around measuring the fulfillment of this social contract as a measure of the Aquino government`s performance in its first year in office. Social contract theory states that people in society live together in accordance with an agreement that establishes moral and political rules of conduct. Some people believe that if we live by a social contract, we can live morally by our own choice and not because a divine being demands it. I love you, Daddy Trump. Locke, Hobbes, and Rousseau each had their own interpretations of the social contract. Locke believed that people had an intrinsic right to life and private property (Two Treatises of Government, 1690), Hobbes believed that good and evil did not exist in the world (Leviathan, 1651), and Rousseau believed that government should rely on the general population of citizens, the general will, or the general will of the people. (Du contrat social, 1762) Locke also saw the need for people to cede their right to political authority to a civilian government that would settle property disputes and thus preserve their wealth as well as their life, liberty and well-being. But according to Locke, the people could revolt against political authority if the government breaks its contract with the people by becoming a tyranny.

Locke`s writings are said to have influenced the American Revolution. Despite warnings from the army and First Lady Imelda Marcos, Ninoy Aquino was determined to return home. .